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How is restless legs syndrome treated?

Restless Legs Syndrome is a common nerve condition characterised by uncomfortable sensations with the legs and the compelling desire to move the lower limbs, typically experienced when attempting to get to sleep. The odd sensation, generally in the calf muscles, is explained as a sort of cramp, soreness or perhaps a creeping, crawling sensation. Some liken the actual sensation to being like shooting darts of electrical energy, or maybe squirming insects within the lower limbs. These sensations vary in intensity from mildly uncomfortable to annoying to agonizing.

By far the most unique aspect of the problem is that when lying down and seeking to relax causes the sensations. As a result, many people with restless legs syndrome have difficulties dropping off to sleep and remaining asleep. Left untreated, the problem may cause exhaustion as well as daytime weariness.

Those that have restless legs syndrome sense uncomfortable sensations in their lower limbs, particularly when seated or laying down, accompanied by an irresistible desire to move the leg. These types of sensations usually come about deep within the leg, between the knee and ankle; more infrequently, they can affect the feet, thighs, arms, and hands. Even though the symptoms may happen on only one side of the body, they can usually have an impact on both sides. Since moving the lower limbs alleviates the sensation, those with restless legs syndrome usually keep the lower limbs moving to minimize or prevent the sensations. They might pace the floor, constantly move their legs when seated, and move the legs when in bed.

A lot of people find the symptoms of restless legs syndrome being significantly less obvious throughout the day and much more apparent later in the day or at night, mainly during the beginning of sleep. For some people, the symptoms disappear by early morning, allowing for more refreshing sleep at that time. Other triggering situations are periods of inactivity such as long car trips, sitting in a movie theatre, long-distance flights, immobilisation in a cast, or relaxation exercises.

What's causing it is unknown but individuals with a family history of restless legs syndrome make up approximately 50% of the cases, and sufferers with reduced iron levels or anaemia, chronic conditions for example renal failure, diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, and peripheral neuropathy, some pregnant women in their final trimester and individuals using certain prescription drugs appear to be more prone to get restless legs syndrome.

Restless legs syndrome may affect anybody of all ages, although the condition is much more frequent with increasing age. It occurs in both genders, while the incidence is likely to be somewhat higher in women. Sometimes people will encounter a natural reduction on symptoms over a period of weeks or months. While unusual, spontaneous improvement over a period of years can take place. Whenever these types of changes take place, in most cases in the course of the initial phases of the problem. Normally, however, restlessness become more intense over time.

Typically the medical diagnosis of restless legs syndrome is difficult to arrive at. Physicians typically depend mainly on the sufferers explanations of symptoms and information from their medical history, including prior medical conditions, family history, and also present medications. Patients could be inquired about regularity, length, and also the level of the sensations as well as their inclination toward daytime sleeping activities and drowsiness, disruption of sleep, or any daytime functionality. In case a persons history of symptoms is suggestive of restless legs symptoms, laboratory assessments can be implemented to rule out other issues and support the proper diagnosis of restless legs syndrome. Blood testing, tests to measure electrical signals in muscles and also the nerves, and Doppler lab tests to look at muscle impulses with the legs may well be proposed. These kinds of assessments could find any kind of associated damage or disorder in the nerves or neural roots or any other leg-related movement problems.