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Scoliosis Surgery in Singapore Can Correct Rib Hump

The number one cosmetic concern for a person with scoliosis is the deformity of the ribs that often accompanies idiopathic thoracic scoliosis. The reason for this chest deformity is secondary to spinal deformity. The causes of chest deformities are based on several biomechanical causes. 

The main reason is that the spine and ribs are connected by joints, muscles, and ligaments, so changes in the spine cause unusual forces on the ribs, resulting in the deformation of the ribs. Scoliosis is a three-dimensional deformity, and unlike a straight spine, it is not just a curved spine. 

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Classic thoracic scoliosis with a rib hump in juvenile idiopathic scoliosis occurs in about seventy to eighty percent of cases requiring surgery. The thoracolumbar and lumbar scoliosis curves most often do not exhibit sufficient unusual force on the chest to create the cosmetic rib hump associated with the primary structural chest curve.

The shape and size of the rib hump depend on where it is at and how many spinal segments are included in the total thoracic curvature. The mid-lower crest position from T8 to T10 often causes a more visible rib deformity than the breast crest, which is higher in the spine. 

Also, the middle and lower apices often cover more of the vertebrae overall, creating a thoracic curvature and thus causing a more prominent hump. It can be assumed that if scoliosis did not cause chest deformities, attention to this condition would be significantly reduced, and the speed of surgery would be significantly reduced.